The call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) “Revolutionary greetings for the 9th Anniversary Celebrations of our Glorious Party!”: A POLITICAL AND IDEOLOGICAL DOCUMENT OF EXTRAORDINARY IMPORTANCE FROM WHICH THE MARXISTS-LENINISTS-MAOISTS OF THE WORLD CAN EXTRACT VALUABLE TEACHINGS
Recently the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) issued a call entitled “Revolutionary greetings for the 9th Anniversary Celebrations of our Glorious Party!” dated 1 September 2013.
Long March Towards Communism (Madrid, Spain) considers that this call is today a most important document for the Marxists-Leninists-Maoists of the world and that we have to study it deeply as we can extract from it valuable teachings for our political and mass work.
The call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) is not one more document that the Communists have to read quickly and store. No. It is a very important document in the ideological and political spheres which has implications not only for the Communists and revolutionaries in India, but for all the Marxists-Leninists-Maoists and revolutionaries of the world, and which has to be extensively spread by all means, besides being studied and many of its orientations assimilated and put into practice by the whole of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist International Communist Movement.
The call analyzes at the beginning the international situation reviewing some of the important changes in the objective conditions that have taken place in the world. The Indian Communists, after analyzing how the consequences of the world financial crisis are forcing the people to face unemployment and underemployment, cuts in the education and health expenses, migration, democratic rights, etc., it correctly points out that: “Fundamental contradictions in the world have intensified in the past one year. The principal contradiction between imperialism and the oppressed nations and peoples of the world intensified with various kinds of anti- imperialist struggles waged by the people all over the world including those against the countless ill-effects of neo-liberal economic policies. These struggles cover various aspects in the economic, social, political, cultural and ecological spheres. With the working class and the middle classes increasingly taking to the streets the contradiction between the capitalists and the working class has intensified further.
Economically, politically and strategically the inter-imperialist contradiction has come to the fore as never before since they started adopting the neo-liberal policies.”
Regarding the situation in India and Operation Green Hunt –a real war against the people started by the reactionary Indian Government in mid-2009 with the support of international imperialism and which has not stopped since then causing all types of massacres, harassment, plunder, burning of villages, tortures and imprisonment of thousands of activists, targeting the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and its leaders and rank-and-file, as well as the members of the People´s Liberation Guerrilla Army, the Revolutionary People´s Committees and of other revolutionary and democratic mass organizations- the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) stresses that: “With the Hamburg conference held in November 2012 and the various international campaigns taken up in support of our PW and against the OGH in several countries (both imperialist and backward countries) international efforts to build solidarity to our movement have consolidated further.
The selfless sacrifices of our beloved martyrs, our brave resistance and leading of people’s struggles even amid unprecedented enemy offensive and achieving some successes played a crucial role in the further coming together of majority of the revolutionary and democratic forces world to build this kind of a broad solidarity and support for our NDR, in India and all over the world.”
The section entitled “Immediate tasks” of the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) is of great importance for the world Marxists-Leninists-Maoists.
First of all, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) calls to “Give foremost prominence to Bolshevize the party”. What do the Maoist comrades from India mean by “bolshevize the party”? They write:
“1. Understanding deeply and adhering firmly to MLM and the general political line of our party; creatively applying MLM to our concrete practice and firmly implementing our line; being unwavering regarding our ideological and political line, establishing its correctness and enriching it further by fighting against various bourgeois ideologies
2. Developing our party into a strong organization that is well equipped with the correct ideological, political, organizational and military line, that correctly practices democratic centralism, that strictly implements discipline, that has mass character, that steels itself in protracted people’s war, that is firm in strategy and flexible in tactics.
3. Fighting against all kinds of right and left opportunist trends inside and outside the party
4. Honestly accepting our mistakes, shortcomings and weaknesses, correcting and avoiding those by learning from our practice
5. Following class line and mass line and realizing in practice the Marxist principle ‘People are the makers of history’ by closely integrating with them and leading them. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is our party’s ideology. Our party is molding itself ideologically and educating the rank and file and the people with the same ideology, our general political line and path of the revolution to successfully complete the NDR as its immediate goal and achieving communism through socialism as its ultimate goal”.
These five orientations are a real lesson for all the Marxists-Leninists-Maoists not only from India but for all the countries; both for the communist parties which have already started the road of People´s War as well as for those parties and organizations that are still in the stage of accumulating forces and the preparation of the revolutionary struggle, and also in those countries, like Spain, where the proletarian revolutionary party of new type Marxist-Leninist-Maoist does not exist and has to be built.
Another important lesson that the Marxists-Leninists-Maoists of the whole world have to learn from the work of Bolshevization initiated by the Communist Party of India (Maoist) is the one they point out as the foremost task: “It is our foremost task to further equip our party with the scientific ideology of Marxism-Leninism- Maoism to raise our ideological and political level in order to get rid of the non-proletarian trends and overcome these weaknesses inside the party. This would help our party in correctly understanding and analyzing the objective conditions in our country and the world and the subjective condition of our movement by using the theory of dialectical historical materialism and applying it as a method.
We should apply the theory of MLM to the concrete objective conditions of our country and to concrete revolutionary practice. Only in this light we would understand anything correctly, take correct decisions, implement them properly, integrate the party with the people, mobilize people and build class struggle, improve our leadership work methods and style of work, analyze and synthesize our practice scientifically, learn lessons from our own experiences while correcting the mistakes and errors that had occurred in practice, strengthen the party and further advance the movement. The key to achieving this would be the Bolshevization of our party.”
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) also calls to: “give special attention to education about communist ideals, values and culture.”
And regarding rectifying the wrong ideas, on the unavoidable constant practice which all Communists have to carry out with respect to exercising criticism and self-criticism, the struggle against subjectivism, spontaneity, sectarianism, etc., the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) notes: “Concrete rectification campaigns where and when necessary, review of our practice and of decisions in every meeting and deep criticism – self-criticism should be taken up as the means to get rid of non-proletarian trends like subjectivism, spontaneity, liberalism, sectarianism, bureaucracy, patriarchy etc. that are prevalent at various levels, at various degrees and in various forms in our party. To succeed in these campaigns we should pay special attention to ideological, political, military and organizational education/training and to review of concrete practice at every level including at individual level. Comrades should strive to bring a revolutionary transformation in their style of functioning and life style.
This means that we should work or fulfill every revolutionary task with Bolshevik spirit and efficiency amidst the countless odds that we face in practice. Achieving this kind of work style should become the aim of every comrade. Right opportunist and post-modernist trends are cropping up in our party in some places. The danger of such trends arising would be present particularly at this juncture when the offensive of the ruling classes on our movement is increasing and our movement is facing a critical situation.
The entire party from the highest to the lowest levels must be extremely alert towards these trends and fight them back. Simultaneously, where sectarian and bureaucratic trends are prevalent in our mass work, in party relations with masses and in internal relations in our party our mass base is weakening and party unity is getting damaged at various degrees. We must also struggle against sectarian and bureaucratic trends and rectify them. The experiences of our party in internal struggles/two-line struggles and rectification campaigns should be studied by all for this purpose.”
Mao Tsetung, the great teacher and leader of the world proletariat, wrote that: “Revolutionary culture is a powerful revolutionary weapon for the broad masses of the people. It prepares the ground ideologically before the revolution comes and is an important, indeed essential, fighting front in the general revolutionary front during the revolution”. (Quotations from Chairman Mao Tsetung. Foreign Languages Press. Peking 1972, pp. 299,300).
Loyal to these teachings of Mao Tsetung, the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), after analyzing how the casteist, religious and imperialist cultures in India are negatively affecting the people of India and numbing its revolutionary consciousness as well as having an impact in the own Party and the PLGA, which is causing the decadence of the Communist values, the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India states:
“The revolutionary cultural sphere should be strengthened to fight back the degenerate feudal and imperialist cultures. Our cultural organizations should take up appropriate forms and play a crucial role in developing revolutionary culture. Study, political classes and lectures relating to cultural matters should be taken up vigorously as a part of Bolshevizing our party. Committees should pay attention to distributing the available revolutionary literature among the cadres. These cultural and literary efforts should become an integral part of the ideological, political and cultural work that every committee takes up.”
Conscious of the different problems which the New-Democratic Revolution process faces in India led by the Communist Party of India (Maoist) on a national level when the enemy, through repression, tries to isolate the Party from the people and dent its mass base, the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) devotes a section in which, under the title “Let us strengthen and expand our mass base by adhering firmly to class line and mass line” points out that: “So our tactics should be aimed at uniting the vast masses against the enemy, isolating the main enemy and using the contradictions between the enemies. These tactics should help us in mobilizing the people politically on a wider scale and consolidating them. We should strive to preserve our leadership forces in the central, state and local MOs and RPCs.
Following our general political line we should give priority to politically mobilize the working class, landless and poor peasants. We should put all efforts to rally the middle peasants and urban petty bourgeoisie. The worldwide financial crisis is negatively impacting the rich peasantry and the national bourgeoisie who are a part of the four-class alliance. So the time is more favorable to bring to the fore their demands too. According to their attitude towards the people and PW, we must take up tactics that would win over a section of these classes, make a section at least neutral and isolate the other. We should pay particular attention to forming appropriate united front forums on various issues that would bring together revolutionary and democratic organizations, forces and individuals.
When the ruling classes are resorting to all kinds of conspiracies and fascist offensives to isolate us from the people, friendly organizations and forces, our practice should be centered on integrating with them further. In all our strategic areas we should widen our mass base and build, consolidate and expand the RPCs with the aim of establishing base areas. We should overcome our shortcomings in uniting the vast masses against the decadent ruling system, in forming appropriate united front forums, establishing party leadership in them and in expanding them. The various kinds of mistakes we are making in integrating with the people and in implementing mass line and class line should be corrected.”
And the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) adds: “We should get rid of sectarian and bureaucratic attitudes while working among the people. These trends are not only isolating us from them but also hampering their initiative. We should strictly avoid any wrong political and military actions that would harm the interests of the people. We should carry on criticism and self-criticism sessions and education and rectification campaigns not only inside the party but also in MOs to correct sectarian, bureaucratic and other wrong trends. The mainstay of our propaganda at this juncture should be against the unjust nature of the OGH and the just nature of our PW. This should be based on the premise that this enemy offensive is against democracy, progress, peace and the interests of all the oppressed classes and social sections and that the OGH is being waged to serve the interests of the imperialists, CBB and the landlords.
The main direction of our agitations should be towards mobilizing people on land and displacement issues. We must put efforts to carry on our propaganda and agitations around the countless issues that are thrown up due to the intensifying worldwide financial crisis. Where people are agitating on these issues we should try to support, intervene and lead them. We should take up agitations and propaganda on various political, social, cultural and ecological issues.”
Another very important aspect of the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) is that the people understands the falseness of the bourgeoisie parliamentary system and that it discards the false illusions about it. And, therefore, the calls states: “We should utilize every opportunity to expose the sham of the parliamentary system. We should never suggest the election path as a solution at any level or under any pretext. We should firmly oppose any attempts at lobbying instead of mobilizing people and depending on their strength for resolution of any kind of problem”.
After providing several orientations with the aim of making advance the agrarian armed revolutionary war consolidating the People´s Liberation Guerrilla Army within the present stage of developing guerrilla warfare, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) finally makes a call to prepare the celebrations on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Party´s formation which will take place on September 2014, through propaganda and the publishing of materials, the recruitment of new members, etc., and reiterating yet again to:
– Bolshevize the party so that it can efficiently wield the two basic weapons of People’s Army and United Front and lead the revolution to victory.
– Expand and strengthen its mass base adhering firmly to class line and mass line.
– Grasp in depth the two Marxist principles – ‘No revolution without a revolutionary party’ and ‘People are the makers of history’, as grasping the true meaning of these guiding principles and implementing them in practice will help the Party to tide over the critical situation they are facing at present.
– Raise the levels of ideological and political consciousness of the vast masses, building and consolidating wide ranging movements and fighting with determination to bring about a notable turn in their revolutionary movement.
-Advance towards the fulfillment of its share of the tasks of proletarian internationalism.
In summary, a document of great ideological and political significance and relevance which Long March Towards Communism (Madrid, Spain), at the current time, after the collapse of the RIM and when Marxist-Leninist-Maoist parties and organizations of the world work for the unity and building of a new Communist international organization, considers that documents like this one may help in the work of the Communists to produce a new general line for the International Communist Movement, and, therefore, calls to study it and draw its valuable lessons as “only thus -it concludes the call of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Maoist)- can we (…) create the conditions for achieving higher and newer successes”.
Madrid (Spain), November 2013
LONG MARCH TOWARDS COMMUNISM